Private streets are those where the use is permissive or privileged by the right of ownership. The term is often confused with public streets that are privately maintained by residents or homeowners association. Private street connections to state-maintained roadways must meet all Virginia Department of Transportation criteria for subdivision street connections, such as sight distance, pavement structure, auxiliary lanes, signalization, and permits. The route numbering range for private streets is 4,000 or greater. Private street signs are white, while roads that state maintained are green in color.